Taxes in Illinois What's Behind a Property Tax Bill?
Behind a tax bill is a nearly two-year cycle that determines the amount of property taxes you owe. This cycle begins with the assessment of your property. A tax year is the year of the assessment and reflects the assessed value of real property as of January 1. The actual taxes owed are then paid the following year. For example, the taxes paid in 2022 are based, in part, on the 2021 property assessments. By law, property is valued at 33 1/3% of its total value, known as the property’s assessed value. That value, once equalized, reflects your portion of the total tax burden spread among all property owners.
Concurrently, each local unit of government goes through an annual budget process to determine how much money will be needed to operate in the next year. Once the
budget is set, the local unit of government determines how much of that budget will
come from property taxes. This amount is known as the levy.
A large percentage of funding for units of local government comes from your property tax dollars. The amount needed by each district is divided by the total assessed value within the district's service area.
Once each district has completed a budget and set its levy, the county clerk combines those totals to create an aggregate tax rate also known as the rate that is paid by the
As a local revenue source, these property tax dollars help provide the essential
services within your community. Your schools, EMS providers, road districts,
and community centers are just a few examples of taxing bodies that rely on property tax dollars to best serve communities.